At most schools in the world, teaching is carried out according to the classical school concept. This includes teaching in separate age groups, the principle of marking with minimum requirements for advancement as well as subject-specific frontal teaching. In this way the teacher imparts knowledge excursively or systematically.
The present forms at the forefront are: talks, lecturing, shows, demonstration, explanation through illustration, seminar papers etc.
Frontal teaching is predominantly thematically orientated and is conveyed orally and visually. Communication between teacher and pupils is at the forefront - co-operation of the pupils with each other is limited. With frontal teaching new fields of knowledge are introduced, work results are ensured and performance is monitored.
Solid rules, a well-ordered timetable and the assessment of pupils’ achievement through marking, should give children, in addition to subject knowledge, a sense of duty, and prepare them for working life. The teaching in age groups serves the development of social competence.
In contrast to reform educational approaches, the classical school concept relies more on a theoretical study approach and less on self centered learning.
Nowadays even traditionally run schools are reverting to some reform educational teaching methods, so that here more and more project and age-segregated group work can be found. This way individual learning is more strongly emphasised, new action perspectives and methods should make the school a learning, educational and social place.